In bonsai, as in any art form, certain techniques are used to create a masterpiece. Artists use brushes; composers use paper, pen, and musical instruments; sculptors use a variety of tools. Bonsai masters also use various tools, their main tools are hands, time and patience.
Bonsai has many techniques applied in this art such as leaf clipping, pruning, wire, clip, grafting, defoliation, and deadwood, just to name a few. Each of these techniques require special tools for growing bonsai.
When pruning leaves, the bonsai master accurately removes leaves or needles from the bonsai plant or tree. At the same time, it helps to give a mature look to the bonsai. The leaf trimmer is specially designed to remove leaves for a quick clean cut which makes pruning your bonsai plant/tree quick and safe for your bonsai.
Dull cuts leave jagged edges, which can lead to slower healing. Tweezers are great for removing dead leaves as well as needles, insects and weeds in a container. Evergreen bonsai need to remove the needles growing on the trunk or below the branches. By removing needles or new buds, the artist can create buds on the trunk, adding character to the bonsai. Leaf trimming and pruning are the two most common methods used in creating bonsai.
Pruning includes the removal of branches, roots, and stem shoots. It is extremely important to know the ins and outs of bonsai pruning because one wrong cut can kill or weaken a bonsai. Sharp secateurs are needed for clean cuts. Pruning, as well as leaf removal, is often done when creating bonsai. Concave bits are the most common bonsai tool used for trimming branches, roots and stem growth.
Their angled cutting edge makes it easy and clean to remove unwanted vegetation from your bonsai. They come in a variety of sizes, but the standard is 8 inches. Spherical concave cutters are the sister of concave cutters with the only difference being that the rounded cutting edge is designed to more accurately remove build-up and also gives the artist the ability to create deep wounds on the bonsai trunk that appear after healing. flat, giving the bonsai a more mature look.
Scissors, the last of the pruning tools, have short blades with long handles. Much like shears that can be used for hedges, but in bonsai size, they give the artist the ability to trim the bonsai to shape it and penetrate areas where the concave might not reach. In order to maintain the shape and form of the bonsai, pruning must be maintained. The amount of time and frequency you need to prune will depend on the type of plant or tree being used.
The wiring is done in order to form a tree from the branches of plants in the shape they need. It works as a support and a map into which the plant/tree will fit. Copper and aluminum wire is used when tying branches or trunks of bonsai. The wire is left in place for up to nine months or until the branch hardens. Wire is also used to form shapes from young branches that are still flexible, or to connect them to a bonsai pot.
Not all branches are suitable for wiring due to lack of flexibility. These branches are given the desired shape by pruning. The garter is most often done in the spring, when new growths appear and the branches are more flexible. When wiring, you must take extra care not to break branches or bark by force. Hold the wire firmly and in difficult places (such as bends, intersections) prudently to achieve the goal you are reaching. The most common tool used for bonsai weaving is wire cutters.
The bonsai master uses wire cutters not only to cut the wire, but also to press the end of the wire tightly against the branches. Bonsai wire cutters have a rounded nose, which allows the artist to get close to the branch without damaging the bark. Twig bends are used in place of wire when the twigs are not flexible enough to be tied into the desired positions.