Deforestation is the process of converting forest land into non-forest land that is ideal for crop production, urbanization and industrialization. Since deforestation is a serious concept, it also has a major impact on the environment.
The impacts of deforestation can be classified and grouped according to impacts on biodiversity, the environment and social conditions. Because deforestation is mostly about the destruction of trees in forests, there are so many impacts that can be listed as outcomes.
When forests are destroyed, nature basically requires people to renew the forest. Reforestation is one of the opposite concepts of deforestation, but it has been proven to be a much more difficult task than deforestation.
Thus, the rate of deforestation is not offset by the rate of reforestation. Thus, the world is now in a turbulent state when it comes to environmental issues.
Pollution is growing rapidly along with the population. Forests go a long way in helping to reduce the amount of pollutants in the air. Thus, the depletion of these groups of trees greatly increases the risk that carbon monoxide will enter the atmosphere and lead to the depletion of the ozone layer, which in turn will lead to global warming.
One of the main consequences of deforestation is climate change. Environmental changes caused by deforestation work in different ways. First, sharp temperature drops in nearby areas. Forests cool naturally because they help keep moisture in the air.
Secondly, it is a long process of global climate change. As mentioned above, deforestation has been found to contribute to global warming, or the process of warming the world’s climate as more harmful sunlight enters the atmosphere.
The ozone layer is a mass of oxygen or O3 atoms that acts as a shield in the atmosphere from the sun’s harmful ultraviolet rays. Because ozone is made up of oxygen atoms, oxygen reacts with carbon monoxide. Such a reaction would use up oxygen atoms.
It follows from this that the more carbon monoxide atoms enter the atmosphere, the smaller the volume of oxygen will be. Such is the case with the depletion of the ozone layer.
The third environmental impact will be related to the underground water table. The water table is a common source of natural drinking water for people living around forests.
The groundwater level is replenished. This means that the underground water supply can also run out if it is not replenished regularly. When it rains, forests hold most of the rain in the soil through their roots.
Thus, the water sinks deeper into the ground and eventually replenishes the water supply in the groundwater. Now imagine what will happen when there are few forests. Rain water will simply flow through the soil surface and not be retained by the soil.
Or, moreover, rainwater would not linger longer in the soil, since the evaporation process would immediately begin. Thus, the groundwater level was not replenished, which led to the wells drying up.
Impact on biodiversity
Forests are a natural habitat for many species of animals and organisms. That is why when deforestation, many animals are left without shelter. Those who manage to pass through the plain and residential areas are then killed by people.
It is estimated that over the years, millions of plant species and extinct animals have been wiped out because they were deprived of a home. Thus, biodiversity is greatly reduced due to the barbaric deforestation by some people.